OK, so yesterday I wrote a post about the Modes in music. Think of the modes as being a simple loaf of bread. Now… cut that loaf into 7 separate slices, and imagine every slice being a mode.
If you combine all the slices (or modes) then you’ll realize they combine to make a whole.
Now think of the entire loaf as being the Major Scale. Still confused? Don’t be, check this out:
Notice how there are 7 modes, and they all ‘Connect’ together in order to create the scale.
The 7 Modes in Music are:
(W-W-H-W-W-W-H) Ionian Mode is the same as the Major Scale. So when you hear somebody sing Do-Re-Mi-Fa-So-La-Ti-Do
(W-H-W-W-W-H-W) Dorian mode is most commonly heard in Celtic music and early American folk songs derived from Irish melodies. Songs written in Dorian mode sound somewhat sad, but not as dark as the Aoelian Scale. Notice how Dorian is the second mode, and therefore starts on the second note in the scale. As a result, it has an unsettling cadence.
(H-W-W-W-H-W-W) Phrygian works well with both Dorian and Aoelian, being as they are all minor scales. Its common for musicians to utilize this mode in order to create a sad feling, but not as dark as the traditional minor (Aeolian) scale.
(W-W-W-H-W-W-H) Lydian mode is an Ionian scale but with the sharp 4th interval. Whenever you hear of ‘dream’ music or ‘flying’ music then you’re probably hearing some type of Lydian, although sometimes the whole tone scale. This is mode is used alot in jazz, but that doesn’t mean you can’t use in in you heavy metal band!
(W-W-H-W-W-H-W) Mixolydian is the major scale but with the Flattened Seventh interval. You’ll hear this mode ALOT in blues playing, especially since blues constantly changes keys, and utilizes that b7th interval. play this mode up and down and recognize how it wants to move, and change keys.
(W-H-W-W-H-W-W) Aeolian mode the minor key. The intervals of Aeolian mode creates a very sad, dark feel. So you’re probably thinking.. Wait? There’s a major key AND a minor key? Yep! but understand that playing a C Aoelian is NOT in the same key as playing in C Major. Because think: Aoelian is the sixth scale degree, so A Aoelian is in the same key as C Ionian, because A is the sixth note a C scale (C-D-E-F-G-A)
(H-W-W-H-W-W-W) Locrian mode is a very quirky sounding scale. It’s based off of a diminished scale, where there’s an unsettling tritone involved. To write a song, or a solo in a Locrian scale would be very strange although its been done. truth is, maybe that’s the EXACT sound you’re looking for.
So what’s the W and H’s stand for?
W stands for ‘Whole Step’ and H stands for ‘Half Step’. A half step in music is simply going from one note to the next. (Example: C to C# or E to F) A whole step in music is simply jumping two half steps (Example: C to D, or E to F#). So if you look at the Guitar below, then you’ll notice that the notes in music go up A-A#-B-C-C#-D-D#-E-F-F#-G-G#-A
So the way I wrote it out above the picture is in all half steps. To make a whole step, simply skip one note.
Thanks guy for everything.
All my best! Tomorrow I’m writing about the Notes in Music – so look for that!